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动名词与不定式的区别
2019-02-22

以下是小编为大家整理的动名词与不定式的区别,希望能帮助大家更好地认识动名词与不定式,提高英语水平。

不定式和动名词作主语的区别:

(1)动名词作主语通常表示抽象动作;而不定式作主语表示具体动作。

Smoking is prohibited(禁止)here.这里禁止抽烟。(抽象)

It is not very good for you to smoke so much.你抽这么多烟对你身体很不好。(具体)

(2)动名词作主语时,通常用以表示一件已知的事或经验。不定式短语通常用来表示一件未完成的事或目的。

Climbing mountains is interesting.爬山很有趣。(经验)

Driving a car during the rush hour is tiring.在高峰时刻开车令人厌烦。(经验)

To finish the task will take a long time.要完成这项任务将要花费很长时间。(具体)

(3)不定式做主语,一般用it当形式主语,把作主语的不定式短语后置。

It took me only five minutes to finish the job.

不定式、动名词和分词作表语的区别:

(1)不定式作表语

1)不定式作表语一般表示具体动作,特别是表示将来的动作。

To do two things at a time is to do neither.一次做两件事等于未做。

2)如果主语是不定式,表语也必须是不定式。

To see is to believe.百闻不如一见。

To work means to earn a living.工作就是为了生活。

3)如果主语是以aim,duty,hope,idea,happiness,job,plan,problem,purpose,thing,wish等

为中心的名词,或以what引导的名词性从句,不定式作表语是对主语起补充说明作用。

His wish is to buy a luxurious car in the near future.他的希望是在不远的将来买一辆豪华轿车。

What I would suggest is to start work at once.我的建议是立刻开始干。

The most important thing is to negotiate with them about the future of the plant.

(2)动名词作表语:动名词作表语,表示抽象的一般性的行为。

Our work is serving the people.我们的工作是为人民服务。

His hobby is collecting stamps.他的爱好是集邮。

(3)分词作表语

分词做表语有两种情况,一种是现在分词做表语,一种是过去分词做表语,这两者区别是考试

中经常考到的地方。一般来说,表示心理状态的动词如excite,interest等都是及物动词,汉语意思不是“激动”,“高兴”,而是“使激动”、“使高兴”,因而现在分词应该是“令人激动的”、“令人高兴的”,过去分词则是“感到激动的”和“感到高兴的”。所以,凡表示“令人……的”都是-ing形式,凡是表示“感到……”都用-ed形式。例:

The cartoon is interesting to children.这部卡通片对孩子来说令人兴趣。

Children are interested in the cartoon.孩子们对这部卡通片感兴趣。

这类动词常见的有:

delighting令人高兴的--delighted感到高兴的

disappointing令人失望的disappointed感到失望的

encouraging令人鼓舞的--encouraged感到鼓舞的

exciting令人激动的--excited感到激动的

interesting令人感到高兴--interested感到高兴的

pleasing令人愉快的--pleased感到愉快的

puzzling令人费解的--puzzled感到费解的

satisfying令人满意的---satisfied感到满意的

surprising令人惊异的--surprised感到惊异的

worrying令人担心的--worried感到担心的

Travelling is interesting but tiring.旅行是有趣的,但是使人疲劳。

The pupils will get confused if they are made to learn too much.如果要学生学得太多,他们会感到糊涂的。

The argument is very convincing.他的论点很令人信服。

They were very excited at the news.听到这个消息,他们非常激动。

不定式和动名词作宾语的区别:

英语中大多数动词既可跟不定式,也可跟动名词作直接宾语,但有些动词要求:

(1)不定式做宾语和宾语补足语

1)下面的动词要求不定式做宾语

afford负担得起agree同意appear似乎,显得arrange安排

ask问attempt企图beg请求begin开始

choose选择claim要求decide决定demand要求

desire愿望determine决定expect期望fail不能

forget忘记happen碰巧hate憎恨,厌恶hesitate犹豫

hope希望intend想要learn学习long渴望

love爱manage设法mean意欲,打算need需要

neglect忽视offer提供omit忽略,漏other扰乱;烦恼

plan计划prefer喜欢,宁愿prepare准备pretend假装

promise承诺,允许refuse拒绝regret抱歉,遗憾seek找,寻觅

start开始try试图volunteer志愿want想要

wish希望

例如:He managed to pass the maths exam this time.这次他设法通过了数学考试。

2)下面的动词可用不定式做宾补:动词+宾语+动词不定式:

advise劝告allow允许ask要求,邀请beg请求

cause引起command命令direct指导drive驱赶

enable使能够encourage鼓励entitle有资格forbid禁止

force强迫get请,得到hate憎恶help帮助

inspire鼓舞instruct指示intend想要,企图invite吸引,邀请

lead引起,使得leave使,让like喜欢mean意欲,打算

need需要oblige不得不order命令permit允许

prefer喜欢,宁愿prompt促使pronounce断定recommend劝告,推荐

remind提醒request请求require要求teach教

tell告诉tempt劝诱train训练urge激励,力说

want想要warn告诫wish希望

例如:Teachers often encourage us to learn English well.老师经常鼓励我们要学好英语。

(2)有些动词只能用动名词作宾语

admit承认appreciate欣赏avoid避免bear忍受

can’t help不禁can’t stand受不了confess坦白consider考虑

delay延迟deny否认dislike不喜欢,讨厌endure忍受

enjoy享有,喜爱escape逃跑,逃避excuse借口favor造成,偏爱

finish完成,结束不得forgive原谅hate讨厌imagine设想

involve卷入,包含keep保持mention说到,讲到mind介意

miss错过permit允许postpone延迟,延期practise实行,实践

prevent阻止resist抵抗,阻止risk冒险suggest建议

tolerate忍受

例如:They decided to delay holding the sports meeting because of the hard rain.

由于大雨他们决定推迟召开运动会。

(3)有些动词比如allow,advise,permit,encourage等后面直接跟动词只能是动名词,如果后面跟宾补则只能是不定式。例如:

Our school allows using calculators in the maths exam.我们学校允许在数学考试中使用计算器。

Our school allows students to use calculators in the maths exam.我们学校允许学生在数学考试中

使用计算器。

(4)有些动词后使用动名词和动词不定式作宾语的差别

1)forget to do忘记要去做某事(此事未做)

forget doing忘记做过某事(此事已做过或已发生)

2)stop to do停止、中断(某件事),目的是去做另一件事

stop doing停止正在或经常做的事

3)remember to do记住去做某事(未做)

remember doing记得做过某事(已做)

4)regret to do对要做的事遗憾

regret doing对做过的事遗憾、后悔

5)try to do努力、企图做某事

try doing试验、试一试某种办法

6)mean to do打算,有意要…

mean doing意味着

7)go on to do继而(去做另外一件事情)

go on doing继续(原先没有做完的事情)

8)propose to do打算(要做某事)

proposing doing建议(做某事)

9)like/love/hate/prefer+to do表示具体行为;+doing sth表示抽象、倾向概念

(注)如果这些动词前有should一词,其后宾语只跟不定式,不能跟动名词。例如:

I should like to see him tomorrow.

10)need,want,require,deserve+动名词表被动意义;+不定式被动态表示“要(修、清理等)”意思。例:

The room needs cleaning/to be cleaned.这房间需要打扫一下。

Don’t you remember seeing the man before?你不记得以前见过那个人吗?

You must remember to leave tomorrow.你可要记着是明天动身。

I don’t regret telling her what I thought.我不后悔给她讲过我的想法。(已讲过)

I regret to have to do this,but I have no choice.我很遗憾必须这样去做,我实在没办法。(未做但要做)

You must try to be more careful.你可要多加小心。

Let’s try doing the work some other way.让我们试一试用另外一种办法来做这工作。

I didn’t mean to hurt your feeling.我没想要伤害你的感情。

This illness will mean(your)going to hospital.得了这种病(你)就要进医院。

不定式和分词作状语的区别:

(1)现在分词与过去分词作状语的区别。

现在分词做状语与过去分词做状语的最主要区别在于两者与所修饰的主语的主动与被动关系的区别。

1)现在分词作状语时,现在分词的动作就是句子主语的动作,它们之间的关系是主动关系。

He went out shutting the door behind him.他出去后将门随手关上。

Not knowing what to do,he went to his parents for help.由于不知如何办是好,他去找父母帮忙。

2)过去分词作状语时,过去分词表示的动作是句子主语承受的动作,它们之间的关系是被动关系。

Given more attention,the trees could have grown better.如果对这些树多关心一些,它们本来会长得更好。

Faced with difficulties,we must try to overcome them.在遭遇到困难的时候,我们必须设法克服它们。

(2)动词不定式和分词作状语放在句末的区别

1)分词作状语一般表示伴随,而不定式常常表示目的。

They stood by the roadside talking about the plan.他们站在路边谈论着这个计划。(伴随)

They stood by the roadside to talk about the plan.他们站在路边为的是谈论这个计划。(目的)

2)分词作状语放在句子开头,除表示原因之外有时表示时间或条件。动词不定式作状语时,除了表示目的以外,还表示结果或原因。

Reading attentively,he forgot the time for lunch.由于在专心读书,他忘了吃午饭的时间。(原因)

Reading carefully,he found something he had not known before.他仔细读书时,发现了一些从前不知道的东西。(时间)

Reading carefully,you'll learn something new.只要你仔细阅读,你会学到一些新的东西。(条件)

His family was too poor to support him.他的家庭太穷,不能维持他的生活。(结果)

The boy is not tall enough to reach the book shelf.这男孩个子不够高,手伸不到书架。(结果)

We are glad to hear the news.我们很高兴听到这消息。(原因)

(3)下面一些句型是不定式做状语时候应该注意的:

A:not/never too…to,too…not to,but/only too…to,too ready/eager/glad/anxious to表示肯定意义。例:

You will never be too careful in the exam.考试时你越仔细越好。

He is too careful not to notice something abnormal.他很仔细会注意到异常情况的。

B:做结果状语的不定式只能出现在句子的末尾,常见的不定式动词有:find,hear,see,be told,

form,give,make,produce,say等。例如:

I was too angry at that to say about it.我对此气得话也说不出来。

He hurried to the bank only to find/be told that it was closed.他匆匆忙忙赶到银行却发现关门了。

C:不定式做状语时,其逻辑主语一般为句子的主语,否则用for引导主语。例:

Li Ming’s mother went to the lecture hall early for him to get a good seat.李明的母亲一早就去演讲厅了,为了让他可以得到一个好座位。

动词不定式:(to)+do,具有名词、形容词、副词的特征。

1、不定式的形式:

主动被动

一般式To write to be written

进行式to be writing/

完成式to have written to have been written

否定式:not+(to)do

1)一般式:不定式的一般式所表示的动作与谓语动词动作同时发生或发生在谓语动词动作之后,

例如:

I’m glad to meet you.

He seems to know a lot.

We plan to pay a visit.

He wants to be an artist.

The patient asked to be operated on at once.

The teacher ordered the work to be done.

2)进行式:不定式的进行式所表示的动作与谓语动词动作同时发生,例如:

The boy pretended to be working hard.

He seems to be reading in his room.

3)完成式:不定式的完成式表示的动作发生在谓语动词动作之前,例如:

I regretted to have told a lie.

I happened to have seen the film.

He is pleased to have met his friend.

2、不定式的句法功能:

1)作主语:

To finish the work in ten minutes is very hard.

To lose your heart means failure.

动词不定式短语作主语时,常用形式主语it作形式主语,例如上面两句可用如下形式:

It is very hard to finish the work in ten minutes.

It means failure to lose your heart.

2)作表语:

Her job is to clean the hall.

He appears to have caught a cold.

3)作宾语:

常与不定式做宾语连用的动词有:want,hope,wish,offer,fail,plan,learn,pretend,refuse,manage,help,agree,promise,prefer,如果不定式(宾语)后面有宾语补足语,则用it作形式宾语,真正的宾语(不定式)后置,放在宾语补足语后面,例如:

Marx found it important to study the situation in Russia.

动词不定式也可充当介词宾语,如:

I have no choice but to stay here.

He did nothing last Sunday but repair his bike.

动词不定式前有时可与疑问词连用,如:

He gave us some advice on how to learn English.

4)作宾语补足语:

在复合宾语中,动词不定式可充当宾语补足语,如下动词常跟这种复合宾语:want,wish,ask,tell,order,beg,permit,help,advise,persuade,allow,prepare,cause,force,call on,wait for,invite.

此外,介词有时也与这种复合宾语连用,如:

With a lot of work to do,he didn’t go to the cinema.

有些动词如make,let,see,watch,hear,feel,have等与不带有to的不定式连用,但改为被动语态时,不定式要加to,如:

I saw him cross the road.

He was seen to cross the road.

5)作定语:

动词不定式作定语,放在所修饰的名词或代词后。与所修饰名词有如下关系:

A)动宾关系:

I have a meeting to attend.

注意:不定式为不及物动词时,所修饰的名词如果是地点、工具等,应有必要的介词,如:

He found a good house to live in.

The child has nothing to worry about.

What did you open it with?

如果不定式修饰time,place,way,可以省略介词:

He has no place to live.

This is the best way to work out this problem.

如果不定式所修饰名词是不定式动作承受者,不定式可用主动式也可用被动式:

Have you got anything to send?

Have you got anything to be sent?

B)说明所修饰名词的内容:

We have made a plan to finish the work.

C)被修饰名词是不定式逻辑主语:

He is the first to get here.

6)作状语:

A)表目的:

He worked day and night to get the money.

She sold her hair to buy the watch chain.

注意不定式放句首时,逻辑主语与句子主语要一致:

wrong:To save money,every means has been tried.

right:To save money,he has tried every means.

wrong:To learn English well,a dictionary is needed.

right:To learn English well,he needs a dictionary.

B)表结果:

He arrived late to find the train gone.

常用only放在不定式前表示强调:

I visited him only to find him out.

C)表原因:

They were very sad to hear the news.

D)表程度:

It’s too dark for us to see anything.

The question is simple for him to answer.

7)作独立成分:

To tell you the truth,I don’t like the way he talked.

8)不定式的省略:保留to省略do动词。

If you don’t want to do it,you don’t need to.

9)不定式的并列:第二个不定式可省略to。

He wished to study medicine and become a doctor.

(二)动名词:动名词既具有动词的一些特征,又具有名词的句法功能。

1、动名词的形式:

语态主动语态被动语态

一般式doing being done

完成式having done having been done

否定式:not+动名词

1)一般式:

Seeing is believing.眼见为实。

2)被动式:

He came to the party without being invited.他未被邀请就来到了晚会。

3)完成式:

We remembered having seen the film.我们记得看过这部电影。

4)完成被动式:

He forgot having been taken to Guangzhou when he was five years old.他忘记五岁时曾被带到广州去过。

5)否定式:not+动名词

I regret not following his advice.我后悔没听他的劝告。

6)复合结构:物主代词(或名词所有格)+动名词

He suggested our trying it once again.他建议我们再试一次。

His not knowing English troubled him a lot.他不懂英语给他带来许多麻烦。

2、动名词的句法功能:

1)作主语:

Reading aloud is very helpful.朗读是很有好处的。

Collecting stamps is interesting.集邮很有趣。

当动名词短语作主语时常用it作形式主语。

It’s no use quarrelling.争吵是没用的。

2)作表语:

In the ant city,the queen’s job is laying eggs.在蚂蚁王国,蚁后的工作是产卵。

3)作宾语:

They haven’t finished building the dam.他们还没有建好大坝。

We have to prevent the air from being polluted.我们必须阻止空气被污染。

注意动名词既可作动词宾语也可作介词宾语,如上面两个例句。此外,动名词作宾语时,若跟有宾语补足语,则常用形式宾语it,例如:

We found it no good making fun of others.我们发现取笑他人不好。

要记住如下动词及短语只跟动名词作宾语:

enjoy,finish,suggest,avoid(避免),excuse,delay,imagine,keep,miss,consider,admit(承认),deny(否认),mind,permit,forbid,practise,risk(冒险),appreciate(感激),be busy,be worth,feel like,can’t stand,can’t help,think of,dream of,be fond of,prevent…(from),keep…from,stop…(from),protect…from,set about,be engaged in,spend…(in),succeed in,be used to,look forward to,object to,pay attention to,insist on,feel like

4)作定语:

He can’t walk without a walking-stick.他没有拐杖不能走路。

Is there a swimming pool in your school.你们学校有游泳池吗?

5)作同位语:

The cave,his hiding-place is secret.那个山洞,他藏身的地方很秘密。

His habit,listening to the news on the radio remains unchanged.他收听收音机新闻节目的习惯仍未改变。

1)动名词与不定式的区别:

动名词表达的是:状态,性质,心境,抽象,经常性,已发生的

不定式表达的是:目的,结果,原因,具体,一次性,将发生的

2)接不定式或动名词,意义相同。

3)动名词与不定式语义不同的有11组:

1 stop to do stop doing

2 forget to do forget doing

3 remember to do remember doing

4 regret to do regret doing

5 cease to do cease doing

6 try to do try doing

7 go on to do go on doing

8 afraid to do afraid doing

9 mean to do mean doing

10 begin/start to do begin/start doing

11 interested to do interested doing


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上海英语培训机构哪家好?上海哪里有学英语培训班?

上海是一个现代都市,也是一个竞争激烈的城市,很多身处上海的年轻人都会花时间去学习,提升自己的技能,英语就是其中的学习对象,不少人学习英语都会找培训机构。那么,上海英语培训机构哪家好?上海哪里有学英语培训班?在上海,比较受欢迎的的英语培训机构有**英语,华尔街,EF英孚,美联英语等,他们大多拥有专门的学习之地,有专门的外教,辅导老师,也有详细的学习辅导课程,针对每位学员的不同情况,制定个性化的辅导计划,能够让学员们从中学到英语知识。正是因为多年来受到了学员们的肯定,上海的这几家培训机构都能一直为众多英语学习者提供优质的辅导服务,而学员们则是能够从中获得自己想要的,或是为了通过雅思托福考试,或是了强化自己的口语能力等等。实际上,对于众多英语学习者而言,参加培训机构是明智的选择,培训机构有专门的辅导老师,经验丰富,能够根据学员的情况,有目的性地教学,针对性更强,效果更好。虽然有些小伙伴比较喜欢自学,但自学的方式其实并不适合于每个人,因为有些人天生自控能力差,学习无计划,需要老师的监督和辅导。而且自学也容易进入学习盲区,自己也难以发现,所以有不少人在自学一段时间后,发现自己的英语水平提高不大,转而去参加培训,这无疑也是浪费了时间。所以,建议英语学习者考虑培训机构,比如上海英语培训机构就有很多是做的不错的,值得考虑。怎么选择合适的零基础英语培训机构?不少人都跟我一样,在校不好好学英语,出了社会知道英语的重要性才追悔莫及。想再拿起出本学习,才发现自己根本就是零基础,不知从何学起。这时候,如果真的想定决心想要学好英语,那么找一家合适的零基础英语培训机构就很有必要。因为现在英语培训机构有很多,而且几乎每家机构都有零基础英语培训班,但是每个机构的收费标准都是不一样的,所以目前没有一个标准的收费价格。不过大多数是根据课时来的。那么应该如何选择零基础培训机构呢?首先,要看机构的品牌,现在市面上的上海英语培训机构层出不穷,很多上海英语培训机构都是个个人创办的,多是以小作坊的形式,所以像这类的英语培训机构,不仅师资力量不够强大,而且教学设备也不是很齐全。所以不仅教学上效果不好,而且上课也没有保障。因为这些英语培训机构有些收了钱,就不管学员的学习了,还有一些机构过一段时间就倒闭了。因此,当我们在报英语培训机构的时候,一定要调查清楚以后再决定是否报班,**选择有品牌的机构,这样也会有保障一些。其次,要看机构的师资力量,毕竟教师的水平直接决定教学的效果,对于零基础的朋友来说更是如此,好的老师会帮你形成良好的英语基础,有了好的英语基础,那么在以后学习英语中就更加的有优势。但是现在很多上海英语培训机构的师资水平都是参差不齐的,因此,一定要关注机构的师资力量到底如何,看看机构的教师是否有专业的教师资格证书,有多少年的教学经验。最后就是体验机构的试听课程,现在很多机构会在给每个人有免费的试听课程,而试听课程就是我们了解一家机构**的办法,通过试听课可以知道机构的教学是否符合自己的要求,教师的水平到底怎么样。选择英语培训机构的时候,要注意培训机构的课程是否丰富,课程的价格是否合理。不要一味贪便宜,也没有必要只选贵的。报英语培训机构的人会有一个误区,就是培训机构的好课质量肯定贵。其实不是这样的,有的英语培训机构的性价比还是蛮高的。**英语的英语培训机构课程价格性价比就非常高,受到众多学员的青睐。
英语口语

酒店英语:客房预定50句,快来一起学

学习英语贵在坚持,找到适合自己的方法,多运用多温故。无忧考网整理了酒店英语,一起来看看吧!1.What kind of room would you like(prefer)?您希望要什么样的房间?2.Would you like a room with a front view or a rear view?您是要窗户临街的房间,还是要背街的房间?3.Do you want a single room or a double room?您是要单人间还是双人间?4.Would a double room do?双人间可以吗?5.Would you like breakfast in our hotel?您要不要在饭店吃早餐?6.In whose name is the reservation made?是以谁的名义订的房间?7.How do you spell your name,please?请问您的名字怎么拼写?8.I’m sorry,but we don’t have any record of your reservation.对不起,我们这里没有您预订的记录。9.I’m sorry,we have no record of a reservation in your name.对不起,没有以您名字预订房间的记录。10.Do you have a letter or fax confirming the reservation?您是否收到过确认您订房的信件或传真?11.Who made the reservation,please?请问是谁预订的房间?12.From which country?从哪个国家预订的?13.Do you remember the name of the reservation clerk?您是否记得预订员的姓名?14.When did you make the reservation?你是什么时候订的房?15.What was the date of the reservation?请问您预订房间的日期?16.Would you like Full American Plan or Continental Plan?您希望是美国收费方式还是欧式收费方式?17.How long will you be staying?您将要住多久?18.For how long?您准备住多长时间?19.How many guests will there be in your party altogether?你们一起有几个人?20.I can book you a single room for the 15th and 16th.我可以为您在15日、16日两天订一个单人房间。21.We can confirm a room for the 15th and 16th.我们可以确认您15日、16日订的一个房间。22.It’s all right for the 15th,but not the 16th.15日的订房没问题,但16日恐怕不行。23.Just a moment,please.I’ll check the room availability.请稍等,我去查一下房间预订情况。24.Sorry to have kept you waiting,sir.对不起,先生,让您久等了。25.Unfortunately we are fully booked for July,15th.遗憾的是我们7月15日客房已全部订满。26.I’m sorry,I can’t book you a room for July,15th.对不起,我无法为您订7月15日的客房。27.We are fully booked for all types of rooms on that night.我们酒店那天的客房已全部订满。28.We won’t be able to guarantee you a room for July 15th.我们不能保证7月15日有房间给您。29.If there isn’t any room,we can get you on the waiting list or we can find you a room in another hotel.如果没有空房间,我们可以将您放入等候名单中,一旦有空房就马上给您安排,或者为您在其他饭店找个房间入住。30.For a single room,the price would be 30 USD.单人房间的价格是30美元。31.The total cost would be 100 USD.全部费用是100美元。32.I’m sorry,we don’t have connecting double rooms,but we have large adjoining rooms.对不起,我们没有相通的双人房间,但我们有大的相邻房间。33.I’m sorry,we don’t have saunas in our hotel,but we have massage service.对不起,我们没有蒸汽浴,但我们有按摩服务。34.118.Would you like us to send you a brochure?我们给您寄一份介绍我们饭店的小册子好吗?35.Who’s the reservation for?您为谁预订房间?36.Gould you give me your address and telephone number,please?请问您的地址和联系电话?37.How will you be paying the bill(account)?您将如何付款?38.You’ll have to send us a deposit of 50 USD.您需要寄给我们50美元的押金。39.Is the company willing to cover all the expenses?公司是否愿意支付所有的费用?40.When will you be arriving?您将何时到达?41.Will you be coming by plane?And the flight No.please?您将乘飞机来吗?航班号是多少?42.May I have the airline flight number and arrival time?我可以问您航班号和到达时间吗?43.We look forward to seeing you(serving you).我们期待着您的光临(或:为您服务)。44.The room may have been reserved in the name of the person who made the reservation.也许您的房间订在为您预订的那个人名下了。45.Our hotel has a fine view of the city.从我们饭店可以看到城市的优美景色。46.Our hotel overlooks one of the main avenue in the city.从我们饭店可以俯瞰城市中的主要大道之一。47.Our hotel is beautifully situated.我们饭店环境优美。48.This is the peak season.I’m sorry,but could you call us again later on this week?We may have a cancellation.现在是旅游旺季,很抱歉,您在这周后几天再打电话过来好吗?也许会有人取消预订。49.We don’t have any single room available.Would you mind a double room instead?我们没有单人间了,如果是个双人间您介意吗?50.I’m afraid we have no credit arrangements with your company.We will need an advance deposit by bank draft or in cash before the reservation date.抱歉,我们与贵公司没有信用合同,所以希望您再这个预订日期前以银行汇票或现金形式付给我们一笔保证金。
英语口语

用英语预订酒店只会说book a room?小心英文水平太low被嘲笑!

不论是出国旅游、出差,总是绕不开英语的这道门槛。不会用英文订酒店,不理解英文词的含义,在网上看了信息却没勇气打电话确认,被坑惨的血泪经历,其实都可以避免。今天就来get在国外定酒店时的口语表达吧~1预定房间不论通过电话、还是当面询问,酒店的服务员首先会说:How may I help you?我有什么可以帮你的吗?你可以直接问:我想知道你们还有空房吗?而这句话在实际生活中有下面4种表达方式:1.I would like to know if you have availability?2.Do you have any free rooms?3.Do you have any rooms available?4.Do you have any vacancies?availability n.可用,可用性2入住酒店询问酒店是否有空房,对方首先会向你确认入住时间:What date you expect to check in?您预计哪天入住呢?在回答时要提供自己的入住日期,当然预计会住几天也**一并告知。可以这样说:I want to check in on August 9th,I'll be there for XX nights.我8月9号入住,预计会住XX晚。其他常用口语:办理入住手续:check in离开酒店:check out前台:reception desk房间服务:room service洗衣服服务:laundry service欧式早餐:continental breakfast简单的早餐,包括咖啡、果汁、牛奶、面包等。WiFi密码:WiFi passwordCheck in please./Check out please.我要入住。/我要离开了。I have a reservation for today.我今天有预订的房间。What’s your last name?你的姓是什么?Can I see your ID please?能给我看下你的证件吗?Is breakfast included?包早餐的吗?Excuse me,what’s the wifi password?请问WiFi密码是多少?You are all set.都办好了。3房型/床型确定入住日期后,服务员会告诉你可用的房型:We have double rooms and single suites available.双人房和单人套间有空房。And would you like a room with twin beds or a double bed?你是要定一个大床还是两个单人床呢?房型:Single room/Double Room单人间、双人间Single suite/Double suite单人套房、双人套房suite n.套房它比room要高级多了,除了卧室和洗手间,还可能有客厅、休息室这样的配置。twin(size)bed单人床标准间一般都是两张单人床,所以是twin bed而double(size)bed才是双人床,不要混淆哦~4酒店订餐有些酒店会免费提供早餐,一般是早上7:00—9:00:Is breakfast included?是否包含早餐?如果没有,问一下酒店客服附近推荐去的餐馆:Could you recommend a good restaurant near here?这附近您能推荐家好吃的饭馆吗?Which restaurant do you recommend?您推荐哪家餐馆?Where is the closest Mexican restaurant?附近的墨西哥餐馆在哪?Are there any restaurants still open near here?这附近有没有还在营业的饭馆?Do I need a reservation?我需要预订吗?对不起,今天晚上都订满了。I'm sorry.We're all booked up tonight.I'm sorry.We are quite full tonight。I'm sorry,all the tables are booked tonight。*用booked up或booked来表示“订满了”。要等多长时间?How long is the wait?How long do we have to wait?Is the wait long?等的时间长吗?We can wait.我们可以等。What time can we make a reservation?可以预订几点的?*make a reservation“预订”。How late are you open?一直营业到几点?*How late…?表示“……到几点?”What is the price of a dinner course?一顿饭多少钱?Hello,this is the Park Restaurant.May I help you?您好,这是公园餐厅。我可以为您服务吗?We are a group of eight.我们一共8个人。I'd like to reserve a table for eight.我想订八个人的餐。I'd like to make a reservation for eight people at six o'clock tonight.我想订餐。今天晚上6点,8个人的位子。*make a reservation“预订”。Could we have a table close to the band?我们能不能要张离乐队近一点儿的桌子?*close to…“离……近一些”。5结账很多外国酒店在预定时需要客人提供信用卡信息,一方面用来核实对方身份,另一方面是防止为客人预留房间后却没有按时check in给酒店带来损失。所以预定时被要求提供信用卡号也不要懵,只要回答对方你的信用卡卡号和持卡人姓名就可以啦。I need your credit card details to complete the reservation.我需要您的信用卡信息来完成预定。可以用信用卡吗?Do you accept credit cards?Do you take credit cards?小贴士Complimentary免费赠送Complimentaryadj.免费的,赠送的和中国的酒店一样,外国酒店的房间里也会提供一些饮品、食物等。但这些东西往往暗藏着“坑”——它们并不是免费提供的,退房时会一并清算,而且往往价格不菲。当你想直接享用房内的食品时,先看看有没有提供菜单,一般都会有明码标价。而当有Complimentary这个明显的标识时,表示这个东西是免费提供的,你就可以放心吃了~
英语口语

酒店常用英语口语900句大全 预定房间

酒店常用英语口语900句会分为不同的模块更新,完整向大家展示从预定酒店到入住酒店全程相关的酒店英语口语。酒店常用英语口语900句非常实用,将近年底,是不是又有出国旅游的计划了呢?那学到的酒店英语口语就可以派上用场啦!看看关于预定房间的酒店常用英语口语900句精选你会不会?常用酒店英语口语:预定房间1.Do I need to pay a deposit.我需要付押金吗?2.I'd like to book a suite.我想要预定一个套间。3.I'd prefer a quiet room.我想要一个安静点的房间。4.I'd like a room with a view.我想要一个风景较好的房间。5.I'd like to book a single room.我想要预定一个单人间。6.I'd like to book a double room.我想要预定一个双人间。7.I'd like to book a deluxe suite.我想要预定一个豪华套间。8.What kind of room would you like?您需要什么样的房间?9.When will you stay in our hotel?您什么时候过来我们酒店?10.How long will you stay in our hotel?你要在我们酒店待多久?11.In whose name is the reservation made?是以谁的名义订的房间?12.Would you like breakfast in our hotel?您要不要在饭店吃早餐?13.I'd like a room facing the sea/the mountains.我喜欢朝向大海/群山的房间。14.I would like to book a standard room for three days.我想预订三天的标准间。15.We will be staying from tuesday for three nights.我们从星期二开始住三晚。16.The closest tourist destination is the beach.离这里最近的旅游景点是海滩。17.I'd like to make a reservation for a suite1 with both shower and bath.我想预订一个既带淋浴又带浴缸的套房。18.Is it just for tonight?只住今晚吗?19.How long will you be staying?您打算住多久?20.How long will you stay with us?您打算住多久?21.How much will that room be?那个房间的价格是?22.What attractions are nearby?附近有什么旅游景点?23.Do you have any vacancies now?请问目前有空房间吗?24.Can I just come some other time?我不能换个时间过来吗?25.I should look up some hotel rates.我应该查一下一些酒店的价格。26.I could look up some hotel rates.我可以查一下一些酒店的价格。27.Then do you have anything less expensive?那你们有其他便宜一点的吗?28.I heard that your hotel is offering a discount now.我听说你们酒店正在打折。29.From what date and how many nights will you be staying?要哪天的,您想住几晚?30.I made a reservation there and I need to change it.我预订过一个房间,现在我想换一个时间。31.Can you check to see if there are any vacancies tomorrow?你能帮我查明天是否有空房吗?32.I'm sorry,but we're fully booked for single rooms.Would you like to have a double one?很抱歉,我们的单人间已经订满了,给您订双人间可以吗?33.From which country?从哪个国家预订的?34.Does it include breakfast?包括早餐吗?35.I have found your booking.我找到了你的订单。36.Does the price include breakfast?房价是否包括早餐?37.How about your hotels's location?请问贵酒店位于哪里?38.I'll check our reservation record.我来查一下我们的预订记录。39.The facilities at this hotel are great.这家旅馆的设施很棒。40.We would like a room with a balcony.我们想要一个有阳台的房间。41.Does your hotel offer pick-up service?请问贵酒店有接车服务吗?42.I am sorry,no elite room is available.很抱歉,我们没有商务客房了。43.What time do you expect to arrive,Sir?请问您大概什么时候到酒店,先生。44.I want to book a suite for my family and me.我想为我和我的家人订一间套房。45.It's all right for the 18th,but not the 19th.18日的订房没问题,但19日恐怕不行。46.Can you check to see if there are any vacancies tomorrow?你能不能帮我查一查明天有没有空房?47.I'm going to be arriving late,but please keep my reservation.我晚一点到,请保留预订房间。48.It's through a third-party website.Sometimes,the bookings can get lost.你是通过第三方网站订的。有时候,订单会出问题。49.We wil hold your booking until 7:00 pm.without a guarantee.没有任何担保的情况下,我们会为您将房间保留到7点。50.We have a free breakfast buffet every morning from 6am-9am.Price is 150 dollars.我们每天从早上6点到9点有免费的早餐自助餐,房价150元。酒店常用英语口语900句包括整套入住酒店所需的英语口语,所以喜欢出国游,但是英语又差的同学可以将这些酒店英语口语资料整合一下,系统地练习酒店常用英语口语900句。不过,如果英语差,可能自学也比较困难,可以咨询**英语,为你定制酒店英语学习计划。
英语口语

酒店英语情景对话—Room Reservations客房预订

R=ReservationClerk预定员G=Guest顾客R:Goodmorning.RoomReservations.MayIhelpyou?您早,客房预订部,请问有什么可以帮助您?G:Yes,I’dliketobookaroom.我想预订一个房间。R:Thankyou,sir.Forwhichdateandhowmanyguestswilltherebeinyourparty?谢谢您。要订在什么时候?您一行有多少人?G:FromApril16thto20th.Justmywifeandmyself.4月16日到20日。只有我和我太太。R:FromApril16thto20th„„.Andwhichkindofroomwouldyouprefer,sir?4月16日到20日。请问您想预订哪种房间。G:ATwin,please.R:Couldyouholdthelineplease?I’llcheckourroomavailability.(Afterawhile)Thankyouforwaiting,sir.WehaveatwinroomatUS$180pernight,willthatbeallright?请别挂断好吗?我来检查一下是否有空房间。(过来一会儿)让您久等了,先生。我们有空余的双床间,现在价格是每晚180美元,这样可以吗?G:Ok,I’lltakeit.好的,我订了。R:Thankyou,sir.MayIhaveyournameandphonenumber,please?谢谢您,先生。您能告诉我您的姓名和电话号码吗?G:Sure.MaynameisAaronJohnson,andmyphonenumberis3242-5827.没问题。我叫艾伦.约翰逊,电话是3242-5827.R:Mr.AaronJohnson,phonenumberis3242-5827.„„Excuseme,howdoyouspellyourfirstname?艾伦.约翰逊,电话是3242-5827。请问怎么拼写您的名字?G:It’sdoubleA,R,O,N.两个A,R,O,N。R:DoubleA,R,O,N.Thankyou,Mr.Johnson.MayIhaveyourarrivaltimeonApril16th?两个A,R,O,N。谢谢您,约翰逊先生。请问您4月16日大概什么时候到酒店?G:Around9p.m.大约晚上9点。R:Mr.Johnson,fortheunguaranteedreservation,wecanonlyholdtheroomby6p.m.,becauseitisthepeakseasonnow.Ifyoumakeaguaranteedreservation,wecanholdtheroomovernight.Wouldyoulikemetomakeaguaranteedreservationbycreditcard?约翰逊先生,因为现在是旺季,我们酒店的非担保预订只能保留到下午6点。您若做了担保预订,我们可以整夜都保留您的预订。您愿意用信用卡做担保预订吗?G:Fine.DoyouacceptAmericanExpress?好的。你们酒店接受美国运通卡吗?R:Yes.MayIknowthenumber?接受,请问信用卡号是多少?G:It’s134986号码是134986.R:Thankyou,Mr.Johnson.You’vemadeaguaranteedreservationattheGuangzhouxxHotel,fromApril16thto20thfor5nights.Ifyoucan’tarriveasschedule,pleaseinformusbefore6p.m.onApril16th.Thankyouforcallingandwelookforwardtoservingyou.谢谢您,约翰逊先生。您已经在广州xx酒店办理了担保预订,从4月16日到20日,预住5天。您若不能如其到达,请务必在16日下午6点前通知我们。感谢您的电话,我们期待能为您服务。
英语口语

酒店换房英语对话

作为经常出差的职场生活中免不了不断出现在各大酒店,住宿、参会、演讲等等这些,下面小编为大家整理的酒店换房英语对话,希望对大家有用!A:Good morning,sir.Anything I can do for you?A:早上好,先生。有什么为您服务的吗?B:I am in Room 325.Can you change the room for me?It is too noisy.I was woken up several times by that noise from the street.B:我住在325房间。能给我换个房间吗?那里太吵了,晚上我被街上传来的嘈杂声吵醒好几次。A:I am awfully sorry,sir.I do apologize.Room 325 faces the street,so it is possible that the noise is heard from the street.A:真的非常抱歉。我郑重向您道歉。325房间面对街道,所以可能会听到街上的嘈杂声。B:Anyhow,I'd like to change my room.B:不管怎样,我希望换个房间。A:No problem,sir.We will manage it as soon as we can.But we don't have any spare room today.Could you wait till tomorrow?There will be some spare rooms tomorrow morning,you can choose one from them.A:没有问题,先生。我们会尽快处理的。但是今天我们这里没有空房间,您能等到明天吗?明天早上就会有空房间,您可以从中选一间。B:All right.I hope I will be able to enjoy my stay in a quiet room tomorrow and have a sound sleep.B:好的。我希望明天可以有一个安静的房间,睡个好觉。A:Be sure.A:一定可以。
英语口语

酒店英语900句 :换房或续住

170.May I have your name and room and room number,please?请问您的姓名和房号。171.Just a moment,please.I’ll check our room available for the next three days.请稍等,我查一下后三天的各房可出租情况.172.Thank you for waiting,sir.I’m afraid our hotel is fully booked for the next week.让您久等了,先生,谢谢。恐怕下周我们饭店的客房都订满了。173.But we may have cancellations,could you check with us at 8:00pm this evening.但我们可能取消预订的客房,您今晚8点再与我们核对一下好吗?174.I’m sorry,but we are expecting several tour groups to arrive today,we are booked solid.对不起,今天我们将有几个旅行团队到达,我们的房间已全部订满。175.Shall I contact another hotel for you?让我帮您联系另一家饭店,好吗?176.Could I keep the room this afternoon?My fight doesn’t leave until 6:15pm,and I don’t want to wait around at the airport all day.我能把房间保留到今天下午吗?我的航班要到下午6:15分才起飞,我不想整天呆在机场。177.If we weren’t so heavily booked,we could let you stay in the room free of charge.假如我们的客房没有订满的话,我们可以让您***半天。178.If you really want to keep your room this afternoon,we’ll have to charge you 50%of the price.如果您真想保留房间到今天下午,我们得加收您半天房费。179.Never mind,then.You can keep your luggage at the Bell Service until 5:00pm free of charge.不要紧,您可以免费将您的行李寄存在行礼部到下午5点。180.I’m afraid that air conditioner in your room needs repairing.We would like to request you to change your room.恐怕您房间的空调需要维修,我们想请您换一下房间。181.What time is the most convenient for you to change your room,sir?…sorry for the inconvenience.对您来说什么换房最方便,先生?……给您带来不便真抱歉。182.We could move your luggage to the new room while you are out,but could you take any valuables with you?在您外出期间,我们可以帮您把行李搬至新房间内,不过您要事先把贵重物品带走。183.You may pick up your new room key 502#from the Reception Counter when you return.您回来时可以在接待台领您新房间502号的钥匙。184.Could you leave your former room key at the Front Desk when you go out,please?您外出时请把您原房间钥匙放在总台好吗?185.Thank you very much indeed,sir.We are very sorry for the inconvenience.Hope you have a nice day.真的非常谢谢您,先生。给您带来不便真抱歉,希望您愉快。186.We’ll extend the reservation for you.我们可以为您延长预订。187.We’ll make the room change for you.我们可以给您换个房间。188.You may keep the room till 3:00pm,if you wish.如果您愿意,可以将房间保留到下午3:00。189.How many nights do you wish to extend?你希望延长住店几个晚上?190.How much longer would you like to stay?您想再住多久?191.The hotel is full and there will be someone taking your room.We’ll keep your luggage if you like.我们饭店现已住满,您的房间已预订给别人,如果您愿意,我们可以为您保管行李。(适用于客人想中午结帐后保留房间至下午的情况)192.I’m afraid you’ll have to vacate your room by 11am,I must apologize for the inconvenience.非常抱歉,恐怕要请您在商务11点前搬出房间了。给您带来不便,我表示歉意。193.Your room has been booked for tomorrow.Would you mind changing a room?您的房间明晚已预订给别人了。请您换一个房间,好吗?194.A:Excuse me,where can I send a cable?对不起,请问在哪可以发电报。B:Walk straight ahead,there is a post office on the right.直走,在您右手边有一个邮局。
英语口语

英语情景对话:酒店换房

情景:酒店换房对话:A:晚上好,这是前台,有什么能为您服务的?B:晚上好,我是8201房的陈XX,刚刚入住的。我的房间有股难闻的气味,而且被单是脏的,浴室也没有热水和浴巾,我要换间房。A:很抱歉先生,给您带来了那么多麻烦,我这就给您换间房,请您稍等下。B:好的。A:新的房间也在二楼,8211,还得麻烦您下来一趟。B:好的,我现在下去。A:麻烦您了,为了表示歉意,本次入住给您打九折。B:谢谢。英文:A:Good evening,this is the Reception,what can I do for you?B:Good evening,this is Chen XX in Room 8201,I've just checked in.My room is smelly and the sheets are dirty.There is no hot water or towel in the bathroom,either.I need to change to another room.A:I'm sorry to have caused you so much trouble,sir.I'll arrange a new room for you,please wait a moment.B:OK.A:The new room is also on the second floor,Room 8211.Please come downstairs.B:OK,I'm coming downstairs now.A:So sorry to trouble you again.To express our apology,we'll give you a 10%discount for your stay.B:Thank you.
英语口语

住酒店时的英语情景对话,办理换房、退房用英语该怎么交流?

在国外游玩,住酒店是免不了的,那么在办理换房、退房的时候用语该怎么交流呢!下面让我们来看看换房、退房时候的英语情景对话!A:Good evening,Front Office.Can I help you?晚上好,这里是前台。有什么可以为您效劳?B:This is Ms.Nini,Room 1827.I’ve just checked in and I’m not satisfied with my room.我是1827房的妮妮小姐,刚入住的,我对房间不满意。A:May I know what’s the matter?请问有什么问题吗?B:The room is too noisy and my husband was woken up several times bythe noise the baggage!I didn’texpect such things would happen in your hotel.房间太吵了,我丈夫被行李的噪音吵醒了好几次!我没料到你们酒店会发生这样的事情。A:I’m sorry to hear that,Ms.Nini.I’ll try to arrange another quiet room for you.Please wait amoment.(after a while)。We do apologize for theinconvenience.很抱歉有这种事情,妮妮小姐。我立刻为您更换另一件更安静的房间,我们为给您带来的不便道歉。A:That fine.Thank you.好吧,谢谢您。B:You’rewelcome,Ms.Stevenson.Your new room number is 1728 and here is your room key.My name’s Simon,and if there is anything else I can dofor you,please don’t hesitate to call me.不客气,妮妮太太。这是为您新更换的房间1728的房卡。我叫西蒙,如果有什么我能效劳的,请尽管给我打电话。怎么样,看完这篇酒店英语情景对话,大家是不是对住酒店相关的交际内容有了更多的积累了呢?
英语口语

必背:四六级万能写作开头

四六级考试中,写作一直是备受同学们重视的重中之重,小编总结了六类写作开头模板,以方便同学们备考。一、引出开篇类:小编建议考生们在描述某类现象时运用“引用”句式,合理引出要描述的问题——1.Recently the problem of……has been brought into focus.=Nowadays there is a growing concern over……(最近……问题引起了关注)2.With the development of our economy and society,pollution is more and more serious.3.Now people become increasingly aware/conscious of the importance of……二、提出建议类:以表达观点为主的文章,新东方在线四六级教研室建议用以下句式——1.There is no doubt that enough concern must be paid to the problem of……(毫无疑问,对……问题应予以足够重视)2.Obviously,if we want to do something…it is essential that……(显然,如果我们想要做么事,很重要的是……)三、故事引出类:这类开头能够很好地引发判卷老师的兴趣——1.I have a friend who...Should he....?Such a dilemma we are often confronted with in our daily life.2.Once upon a time,there lived a man who....This story may be(unbelievable),but it still has a realistic significance now。四、表达不同观点类:当要表达相反的两个观点或是不同角度的多个观点时,小编建议考生们学会以下表达方式——1.People's views on……vary from person to person.Some hold that……However,others believe that……(人们对……的观点因人而异,有些人认为……然而其他人却认为……)2.There are different opinions among people as to……(对于……人们的观点大不相同)五、预示后果类:在开头明确表示自己对某事的观点及相关后果,以下句式非常实用——1.Obviously,if we don't control the problem,the chances are that……will lead us in danger.(很明显,如果我们不能控制这一问题,很有可能我们会陷入危险)2.It is urgent that immediate measures should be taken to stop the situation(很紧迫的是应立即采取措施阻止这一事态的发展)六、引用名言类:名言开头能够提高文章的可读性,小编建议考生们平时可以背一些简单的美句、哲理句,以备不时之需——1.Education is not complete with graduation.This is the opinion of a great American philosopher.Now more and more people share his opinion.以上就是小编为四六级写作提供的六大万能开头句式,同学们活学活用,一定能取得理想的成绩!
英语写作

英语六级作文万能模板:开篇句

小编为大家整理了英语六级作文万能模板:开篇句,希望能帮助到大家。1.Many nations have been faced with the problem of...2.Recently the problem has been brought into focus.3.Recently the phenomenon has become a heated topic.4.Recently the issue has aroused great concern among...5.Nowadays there is a growing concern over...6.Never in our history has the idea that...been so popular.7.Faced with...,quite a few people argue that...8.According to a recent survey,...9.With the rapid development of...,...
英语写作

大学英语六级作文万能模板:开头句型

小编为大家整理了英语六级作文模板,希望可以为大家带来帮助,预祝大家高分通过大学英语六级考试。英语六级作文万能模板:开头句型1、Many people insist that...很多人(坚持)认为……这句话乍看没亮点,但将众人皆知的"think"换为"insist"有没有觉得高大上了许多?2、With the development of science and technology,more and more people believe that...随着科技的发展,越来越多的人认为……这个可是小编当年的“杀手锏”啊,虽谈不上洋气,但正确率百分百啊,还超好记!3、A lot of people seem to think that...很多人似乎认为……"think"终于闪亮登场,但"seem to"为整个句子增添了点婉转之感,这种客观的方式貌似较受老外(尤其腐国人)喜爱。
英语写作
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